According to the IDC Worldwide Semiconductor Technology Supply Chain Intelligence: IDMs, Fabless, Foundry, OSAT and Materials, factors including the Ukraine-Russia war, Chinese lockdowns, high inflationary pressures, and demand fluctuations resulted in the Asia/Pacific region’s semiconductor fabless market losing growth momentum in 2022 and an end to the trend of rising Integrated Circuit (IC) prices. The region’s semiconductor fabless market size in 2022 was US$78.5 billion, a decline of 6.5% compared to 2021 which marks the first year-on-year negative growth performance since the onset of the pandemic.
The global semiconductor industry experienced a sharp decline in 2022 after seeing growth in 2020 and 2021. Demand for consumer electronics including smartphones, laptops, tablets, TVs, and monitors plummeted while supply chain inventory levels increased. Short-term supply began exceeding demand, forcing companies to slow down the pace of expansion.
“The annual growth rate of the top 10 companies in Asia/Pacific was -5.1%, which was better than the overall market performance. From the perspective of regional momentum, Taiwan leads with 73% market share, while China and South Korea holds 22% and 5% market share respectively. Having the highest market share, Taiwan is considered to have a wide and deep influence on the region’s fabless market,” said Galen Zeng, Senior Research Manager, Semiconductor Research, IDC Asia/Pacific.
Among the top 10 semiconductor technology vendors are Taiwan’s MediaTek, Realtek, Novatek, and Himax; China’s Willsemi, Unisoc, HiSilicon, GigaDevice, and Bitmain; and South Korea’s LX Semicon. MediaTek plays an influential role with a market share of nearly 50% among the top 10 companies. The growth of MediaTek played a leading role by helping make up for the shortfalls of other Taiwanese firms, resulting in a 2% increase in Taiwan’s semiconductor fabless market share in the region compared to 2021. Chinese companies were affected by the overall unfavorable environment in China and saw their market share decline by 2%, while South Korea’s market share did not experience any major changes.
As for the outlook for 2023, although products such as display driver ICs and touch and display driver ICs were the first to enter a down cycle, these are now seeing the light of day with several products starting to see urgent orders and the need for inventory replenishment. The market demand for most semiconductor ICs remains depressed and the market size outlook remains sluggish. During the high base period in the first half of 2022, it was anticipated that the region’s fabless market size in the first half of 2023 would decrease by over 20% year-on-year, supply chains would continue to actively control inventory, and fabless companies would maintain low wafer production volumes at foundries. During the second half of 2023, it is expected that inventory will return to a healthy level, and that demand will also slowly recover. IDC forecasts that the Asia/Pacific region’s semiconductor fabless market size will decline by 19.1% year-on-year in 2023. It also predicts that it will progressively show stable and steady growth in 2024 as companies gradually shift products to applications including AI, high-performance computing, servers, data centers, automotive electronics, and industrial electronics to diversify operational risks.